a new £50 note will have the face of alan turing
Alan Turing is considered the 'father of computer science and AI (Artificial Intelligence).
He played a huge role in gaining the advantage of the Allies in the battle for the Atlantic.
He conducted a test during 'World War 2', which is known as the 'Turing Test', to discover whether a machine could act or seem human.
In March of 1953, Turing was convicted of gross indecency as he was in a relationship with a man and he was banned from the GCHQ as homosexuals were ineligible for security clearance.
He agreed to chemical castration as his sentence, however, he committed suicide the following year before he had the sentence.
He didn't receive a pardon until recently, in 2009.
In 2017, the 'Alan Turing Law' was passed which pardoned all men across history that outlawed homosexual acts.
Then, in 2018, the Banknote Character Advisory Committee decided to hold a public nomination period that covered 6 weeks.
Overall, the bank received a total of 227,299 nominations covering 989 eligible characters.
The committee narrowed this down to a possible 12 candidates.
These candidates were sent to Carney for him to make the final decision.
This new £50 note will start circulation by the end of 2021.
It will use a portrait of Turing that was painted in 1951 by Elliott and Fry which is on display at the National Portrait Gallery in London.
Who was Alan Turing?
Alan Turing was born on the 23rd of June 1912, in Maida Vale, London.
He was highly influential in the development of theoretical computer science.
He provided a formalization of the concepts of algorithm and computation with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general-purpose computer.
During 'World War 2', Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School.
He led Hut 8 for a while.
Hut 8 was responsible for 'German Naval Cryptanalysis'.
He devised several techniques for speeding up the breaking of German Ciphers.
Despite all of the work he did for the Allies, he died brutally (cyanide poisoning) and was rewarded for his worked by being sentenced to chemical castration.